Research Thrusts

I. Advanced lithium ion and multivalent ion batteries

  • New Li electrode materials with higher capacities or lower cost
  • New electrode materials for polyvalent ions (e.g. Mg2+)
  • Low cost organic electrode materials
  • Na intercalation electrode materials suspension based aqueous flow batteries
  • Electrolyte and membrane development

II. Rechargeable metal-air batteries

  • Fundamental studies oxygen reduction and evolution
  • Design and synthesis of nanostructured electrodes
  • Electrolyte and membrane development

III. Fuel and Electrolysis Cells

  • SOFC/SOEC electrolyte and electrode materials with improved conductivity and catalytic activity
  • PEMFC/PEMEC electrolyte membranes with improved conductivity/mechanical stability

Cross-cutting themes:

  • Computational: simulation, materials and device design
  • Advances in materials synthesis: crystalline, molecular, nano, micro
  • Advances in characterization: in-situ atomic and molecular processes
  • Prototyping

Materials design principles

  • For materials and architectures with enhanced ORR/OER kinetics
  • For computational design and control of the redox potentials of electrode materials
  • For design of high-rate aqueous suspension-based flow cells

New materials

  • New Li-ion electrodes with higher gravimetric energy (>20%) and cycle life
  • Materials for reversible Mg intercalation for Mg-ion batteries
  • High efficiency SOFC and SOEC electrodes
  • Polymer membranes with lithium and proton transport
  • Organic cathodes with specific energy comparable to Li-ion
  • Suspension-based aqueous flow cathodes and anodes with 10-fold increased capacity (compared to flow cathodes)

Benchtop scale demonstrators

  • Aqueous and nonaqueous metal-air batteries
  • Aqueous suspension-based flow cell