Displaying items by tag: mit

Alexie M. Kolpakkolpak
Assistant Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering


Education & Training:

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. B.A. 05/02 Biochemistry
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. M.S. 05/02 Chemistry
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Ph.D. 08/07 Physical Chemistry

Personal Statement:

My research is focused on using first-principles computations to design novel materials and heterosystems to address a wide range of globally important issues, from energy sustainability and environmental protection to advances in medicine at the nano-bio interface and next-generation magneto-electronic technologies. Trends in system complexity and component scale in each of these areas are pushing the role of interfaces — the boundaries between different materials or phases — to the forefront in an increasing number of practical applications. It is therefore essential to develop a fundamental understanding of interfaces and their effects on functionality. Additionally, while only a small fraction of the immense phase space spanned by interfaces has been explored at the atomic scale, it has already proven rich with possibilities for the discovery of novel physics and chemistry, as well as the potential for providing creative new tools for tailoring materials behavior from the nanoscale all the way up to the macroscale.


Research Associate, University of Pennsylvania, 2003-2007,
Department of Chemistry (Advisor: A. M. Rappe) Postdoctoral Research Associate, Yale University, 2007-2010,
Department of Applied Physics and Center for Research on Interface Structure and Properties (Advisor: S. Ismail-Beigi) Postdoctoral Research Associate, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2010-2012,
Department of Materials Science and Engineering (Advisor: J. C. Grossman) Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, July, 2012-present 


Vagelos Scholarship (University of Pennsylvania, 1998-2002)
Atofina Graduate Fellowship (University of Pennsylvania, 2005)

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

1. A. M. Kolpak and J. C. Grossman, “Hybrid chromophore/template nanostructures: a customizable platform material for solar energy storage and conversion,” J. Chem. Phys., in press (2012).

2. A. M. Kolpak and S. Ismail-Beigi, “Interface structure and film polarization in epitaxial SrTiO3/Si(001),” Phys.  Rev. B, 85, 195318 (2012).

3. A. M. Kolpak and J. C. Grossman, “Azobenzene-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes As High-Energy  Density Solar Thermal Fuels,” Nano Letters, 11, 31563162 (2011).

4. A. M. Kolpak and S. Ismail-Beigi,  “Thermodynamic stability and growth kinetics of epitaxial SrTiO3 on silicon,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 165318 (2011).

5. A. M. Kolpak, F. J. Walker, J. W. Reiner, Y. Segal, D. Su, M. S. Sawicki, C. C. Broadbridge, Z. Zhang,  Y. Zhu, C. H. Ahn, and S. Ismail-Beigi, “Inhibition of ferroelectricity in Si/SrTiO3 due to intrinsic interface effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 217601 (2010).

6. H. Chen, A. M. Kolpak, and S. Ismail-Beigi, “Electronic and magnetic properties of the SrTiO3/LaAlO3 interface from first-principles,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2881 (2010).

7. J. W. Reiner, A. M. Kolpak, Y. Segal, K. F. Garrity, S. Ismail-Beigi, C.H. Ahn, and.  F. J. Walker, “Crystalline oxides on semiconductors,” Adv. Mater. 22, 2919 (2010).

8. K. Garrity, A. M. Kolpak, S. Ismail-Beigi, and E. A. Altman, “Chemistry of ferroelectric surfaces,” Adv. Mater. 22, 29692973 (2010).

9. R-V. Wang, D. D. Fong, F. Jiang, S. K. Strieffer, P. H. Fuoss, C. Thompson, J. A. Eastman, A. M. Kolpak, A. M. Rappe, K. Latifi, and G. B. Stephenson, “Reversible chemical switching of a ferroelectric film”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 047601 (2009).

10. D. Li, M. He, J. Garra, A. M. Kolpak, A. M. Rappe, D. A. Bonnell, and J. Vohs, “Direct in situ determination of the polarization dependence of adsorption on ferroelectric surfaces ”, Nature Materials 7, 473  (2008).

11. A. M. Kolpak, I. Grinberg, and A. M. Rappe, “Polarization effects on the surface chemistry of PbTiO3 supported Pt films”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 166101 (2007).

12. A. M. Kolpak, D. Li, R. Shao, D. A. Bonnell, and A. M. Rappe, “Evolution of the structure and thermodynamic stability of the BaTiO3 (001) surface”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 036102 (2007).

Published in People

Carl V. ThompsonThompson2
Stavros Salapatas Professor of Materials Science & Engineering
Director, Materials Processing Center


Education & Training:

MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA S.B. 06/76 Materials Sci. and Eng.
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA S.M. 06/77 Applied Physics
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA Ph.D. 06/82 Applied Physics

Personal Statement:

I have carried out research on microstructured and nanostructured materials for 30 years.  Past research has predominantly focused on relationships among processing, structure, performance and reliability of materials for microelectronic and microelectromechanical devices and systems. Much of this research was sponsored by Industry and included collaborations with IBM, Intel, Texas Instruments, Motorola, Advanced Micro Devices and other semiconductor manufacturers. In addition to continued work on this area, recent work has also focused on templated self-assembly of arrays of nanomaterials and synthesis of nanomaterials and nanostructured materials, with a focus on applications in energy devices, including Li-ion and Li-air batteries.  As PI of this the proposed Center, I bring the experience of having Co-Chaired the Program in Advanced Materials for Micro- and Nano-Systems of the Singapore-MIT Alliance for 12 years.  I have also served as President of the largest professional society in my field (the Materials Research Society).  I currently direct the Materials Processing Center and the Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory-MIT Program.


Summer Internships: Yale (1974), U.S. Steel (1975), G.E. R&D (1976) Research Associate: Harvard University (1976-82), 
Postdoctoral Research Associate, RLE, MIT (1982)
Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (’83-’87), Associate Professor (’87-’92),
Professor (92’-presnt)
MIT Interim Head, Dept. of Materials Sciience an Engineering MIT (2011).
Visiting Research Fellow: Cambridge University (1990-91),
Max Planck Institut fur Metallforschung (1997-98),
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (2012). 

Honors and Awards:

Innovation Award, Semiconductor Research Corporation (2009). 
Inaugural Fellow, Materials Research Society (2008).
Woody Award, Materials Research Society (2006).
Stavros Salapatas Chair (1998-present),
Best Paper Award, 9th Intl. Symp. on Physical and Failure Analysis of  Integrated Circuits (2002).
NSF Creativity Extension (2000-2001),
Alexander Von Homboldt Research Award (1997).
U.K. Science and Engineering Council Fellowship (1990). Bohmische Physical Society (elected member 1991).
Mitsui Career Development Assistant Professor of Contemporary Technology (1985-1987),
IBM Faculty Development Award (1984-1986),
IBM Postdoctoral Fellowship (1982-1983). 
Tau Beta Pi (1975).

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

1. G.D. Nessim, A.J. Hart, J.S. Kim, D. Acquaviva, J. Oh, Caitlin D. Morgan, Matteo Seita, J.S. Leib, and C.V. Thompson,  Tuning of  Vertically-Aligned Carbon Nanotube Diameter and Areal Density through Catalyst Pre-Treatment, Nano Letters 8, 3587 (2008).

2. W. K. Choi, T. H. Liew, M. K. Dawood, H. I. Smith , C. V. Thompson, and M. H. Hong, Synthesis of silicon nanowires and nanofin arrays using interference lithography and catalytic etching, Nano Letters 8, 3799 (2008).

3. Y. Li, Q. Guo, J.A. Kalb, and C.V. Thompson, Matching Glass-Forming Ability with the Density of the Amorphous Phase, Science 322, 1816 (2008). 

4. S.-W. Chang, V.P. Chuang, S.T. Boles, C.A. Ross, and C.V. Thompson, Densely-packed  arrays of ultrahigh-aspect-ratio silicon nanowire fabricated using block copolymer lithography and metal-assisted etching, Advanced Functional Materials 19, 2495 (2009).

5. G.D. Nessim, M. Seita, K.P. O’Brien, A.J. Hart, P. Delcoix, and C.V.  Thompson, Low Temperature Synthesis of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes with Ohmic  Contact to Metallic Substrates Enabled by Thermal Decomposition of the Carbon Feedstock, Nano Letters 9, 3398 (2009).

6. J. Leib, R. Monig, C.V. Thompson, Direct Evidence for Effects of Grain Structure on Reversible  Compressive Deposition Stresses in Polycrystalline Gold Films, Phys. Rev. Letters 102, 256101 (2009).

7. G.D. Nessim, D. Acquaviva, M. Seita, K.P. O’Brien, and C.V. Thompson, The Critical Role of the Underlayer Material and Thickness in Grown Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers on Metallic Substrates by Chemical Vapor Deposition, Adv. Funct. Mat. 20, 1306 (2010).

8. J. Yun, Rui Wang, M. H. Hong,  J. T. L. Thong, Y. L. Foo, C. V. Thompson, and W. K. Choi, Converting carbon nanofibers to carbon nanoneedles: catalyst splitting and reverse motion, Nanoscale 2, 2180 (2010).

9. J. Ye and C.V. Thompson, Templated Solid-State Dewetting to Controllably Produce Complex Patterns, Advanced Materials 23, 1567 (2011).

10. R.R. Mitchell, B.M. Gallant, C.V. Thompson and Y. Shao-Horn, All-carbon-nanofiber electrodes for high-energy rechargeable Li–O2 batteries, Energy Environ. Sci. 4, 2952 (2011).


Published in People

Christopher C. Cumminscummins
Professor of Chemistry


Education & Training:

Cornell University, Ithaca, NY A.B. 1989 Chemistry
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA Ph.D. 1993 Chemistry

Personal Statement:

My experience and qualifications to serve as a PI for the proposed research are in the area of synthetic chemistry. I am a co-author of more than 150 peer-reviewed publications in top journals of chemistry and general science. I have been a full professor of chemistry at MIT since 1996 with research interests encompassing inorganic synthesis and small molecule (N2, N2O, NO, CO2) activation reactivity and generation and study of reactive intermediates. A recent discovery (paper number 1 in the list of selected peer-reviewed publications) is reversible oxygen reduction to peroxide dianion in conjunction with molecular recognition; now we are proposing to bring these lessons learned concerning hydrogen bonding and molecular recognition of O22- into the field of metal-O2 cells for next-generation energy storage.

Positions and Honors:

National Science Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship, 1990-93;
Packard Foundation Fellowship, 1995-2000;
Sloan Foundation Fellowship, 1997-98. 
Member:  Göttingen Academy of Sciences (Fellow);
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Fellow). 
Recipient:  National Science Foundation CAREER Award, 1995-98;
DuPont Young Professor Award, 1995-96;
E. Bright Wilson Prize, Harvard University, 1995;
3M Innovation Fund Award, 1996; Phi Lambda Upsilon Fresenius Award, 1997;
American Chemical Society Award in Pure Chemistry, 1998;
National Science Foundation Alan T. Waterman Award, 1998;
Technology Review 100 Innovator Award, 1999;
Dannie-Heineman Award, Göttingen Academy of Sciences, 2001;
Humboldt Foundation Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientist, 2001;
American Chemical Society F. Albert Cotton Award in Synthetic Inorganic Chemistry, 2007;
Raymond and Beverly Sackler Prize in the Physical Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 2007.

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

1. Lopez, N.; Graham, D. J.; McGuire, R.; Alliger, G. E.; Shao-Horn, Y.; Cummins, C. C. & Nocera, D. G. Reversible reduction of oxygen to peroxide facilitated by molecular recognition, Science 2012, 335, 450--453.

2. Clough, C. R.; Silvia, J. S.; Müller, P. & Cummins, C. C. Synthesis and characterization of the trimetaphosphate molybdenum tricarbonyl anion as its tris(bis(triphenylphosphine)iminium) salt, Inorg. Chim. Acta 2012, 382, 195--198.

3. Alliger, G. E.; Müller, P.; Do, L. H.; Cummins, C. C. & Nocera, D. G. Family of cofacial bimetallic complexes of a hexaanionic carboxamide cryptand, Inorg. Chem. 2011, 50, 4107--4115.

4. Montag, M.; Clough, C. R.; Müller, P. & Cummins, C. C. Cyclophosphates as ligands for cobalt(III) in water, Chem. Commun. 2011, 47, 662--664.

5. Silvia, J. S. & Cummins, C. C. Binding, release, and functionalization of CO2 at a nucleophilic oxo anion complex of titanium, Chem. Sci. 2011, 2, 1474--1479.

6. Solis-Ibarra, D.; Silvia, J. S.; Jancik, V. & Cummins, C. C. Facile Synthesis of zero-, one-, and two-dimensional vanadyl pyrophosphates, Inorg. Chem. 2011, 50, 9980--9984.

7. Alliger, G. E.; Müller, P.; Cummins, C. C. & Nocera, D. G. Cofacial dicobalt complex of a binucleating hexacarboxamide cryptand ligand, Inorg. Chem. 2010, 49, 3697--3699.

8. Cossairt, B. M. & Cummins, C. C. Molecular gallium arsenide phosphide clusters prepared from AsP3, P4, and [GaC(SiMe3)3]4, Chem. Eur. J. 2010, 16, available online.

9. Rankin, M. A. & Cummins, C. C. Carbon dioxide reduction by terminal tantalum hydrides: formation and isolation of bridging methylene diolate complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 10021--10023.

10. Cossairt, B. M.; Diawara, M.-C. & Cummins, C. C. Facile Synthesis of AsP3, Science 2009, 323, 602--602.


Published in People

Harry L. Tullertuller
Professor of Ceramics and Electronic Materials


Education & Training:

Columbia University, School of Engineering, New York, N.Y., U.S.A. BS 06/66 Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Columbia University, School of Engineering, New York, N.Y., U.S.A. MS 06/67 Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Columbia University, School of Engineering, New York, N.Y., U.S.A. Eng. Sc. D. 12/73 Solid Science and Engineering

Personal Statement:

Prof. Tuller has extensive experience with managing materials development for energy conversion and storage systems including solid oxide fuel cells, batteries, water electrolyzers and hydrocarbon and hydrogen gas sensors.  He has pioneered in applying thin film and MEMS technology towards miniaturization of energy and sensor systems including serving as co-founder of Boston MicroSystems, a developer of harsh environment microsensors.  He serves as Editor-in-chief of the Journal of Electroceramics, Series Editor for Springer Publ. on Electronic Materials: Science and Technology, and has organized/co-organized numerous international conferences/symposia on solid state ionics and fuel cell materials technology.

Positions and Honors:

Professor Ceramics & Electronic Materials;
Director Crystal Physics & Electroceramics Laboratory Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT 1975-present
Editor-in-Chief and founder Journal of Electroceramics 1996- present Director; co-founder  Boston MicroSystems, Inc. 1997- present
Visiting Professor Int. Inst. Carbon Neutral Res., Kyushu U., Japan 2011
Distinguished Israel Pollack Lecturer Technion- Israel Inst. Tech. 2010
Outstanding Achievement Award- High Temperature Division The Electrochemical Society 2010
Honorable Guest Professor Research Institute of Electronics, Shizuoka University, Japan 2009 - 2012
Docteur Honoris Causa University of Oulu, Finland 2009 McMahon Award Alfred University, NY 2009
The Joseph Meyerhoff Visiting Professor Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel 2008 Orton Award American Ceramic Society 2008
Edward Orton, Jr. Award American Ceramic Society 2007 Elected Academician  World Academy of Ceramics 2006
F.H. Norton Award American Ceramic Society 2005 Docteur Honoris Causa Univ Aix-Marseille, France 2004
Von Humboldt Fellow Max Planck Inst., Germany 1997- 2002 Sumitomo Electric. Industries Chair MIT 1991- 1997
Fulbright-Awardee/Visiting Professor University of Paris 1989 - 1990 Fellow American Ceramic Society 1984- present
Post-doctoral Research Associate Technion, Israel 1974-1975

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

(articles-368; co-edited books-15; patents-26)

1. Dario Marrocchelli, Sean R Bishop, Harry L Tuller and B. Yildiz, Understanding Chemical Expansion in Non-stoichiometric Oxides: Ceria and Zirconia Case Studies, Advanced Functional Materials, On line: DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201102648.

2. W. Jung and H. L. Tuller, A New Model Describing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode Kinetics: Model Thin Film SrTi1-xFexO3-δ Mixed Conducting Oxides – a Case Study, Advanced Energy Materials, 1, 1184-91 (2011). 

3. W. Jung and Harry L Tuller, Investigation of Surface Sr Segregation in Model Thin Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Perovskite Electrodes, Energy Environ. Sci., 5, 5370-5378  (2012). 

4. Y. Kuru, H. Jalili, Z. Cai, B. Yildiz, and H. L. Tuller, Direct Probing of Nano-dimensioned Oxide Multilayers with Aid of Focused Ion Beam Milling, Advanced Materials. 23, 4543-4548 (2011). 

5. H. L. Tuller, S. J. Litzelman, and G. C. Whitfield, Electrical Conduction in Nanostructured Ceramics, in Ceramics Science and Technology Volume 2: Properties, Edited by R. Riedel and I-W. Chen,Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2010, pp. 697-727.

6. M. Burbano, D. Marrocchelli, B. Yildiz, H. L. Tuller, S. T. Norberg, S.Hull, P. A. Madden, and G. W. Watson, A Dipole Polarizable Potential for Reduced and Doped CeO2 from First-Principles. J. Phys.-Condensed Matter, 23 (25), 255402 (9 pg) (2011).  

7. H. L. Tuller and S. R. Bishop, Point Defects in Oxides: Tailoring Materials Through Defect Engineering, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41, 13.1–13.30  (2011).  

8. Y. Kuru , S. R. Bishop, J. J. Kim, B. Yildiz, and H. L. Tuller, Chemomechanical Properties and Microstructural Stability of Nanocrystalline Pr-doped Ceria: an in situ X-ray Diffraction Investigation, Solid State Ionics, 193, 1-4 (2011). 

9. S. R. Bishop, T. S. Stefanik and H. L. Tuller, Electrical Conductivity and Defect Equilibria of Pr0.1Ce0.9O2-δ, Phy. Chem. Chem. Phys., 13, 10165-10173 (2011). 

10. D. Chen, S.R. Bishop and H.L. Tuller Praseodymium-cerium oxide thin film cathodes: Study of oxygen reduction reaction kinetics, J. Electroceram, 28, 62–69 (2012).  


Published in People

Paula T. Hammondhammond
David H. Koch Professor of Chemical Engineering, MIT


Education & Training:

MIT, Cambridge, MA BS 1984 Chemical Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA MS 1988 Chemical Engineering
MIT, Cambridge, MA Ph.D. 1993 Chemical Engineering
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA Postdoctoral 1995 Chemistry Fellow

Personal Statement:

My research program focuses on the self-assembly of polymeric nanomaterials, and the core of my lab’s work involves a combination of synthetic design and the use of electrostatics and other complementary interactions to generate functional thin films. By using directed and self-assembly of polymers, new materials surfaces and membranes are designed that manipulate ionic, electronic, and molecular transport. By combining polymers with other nanomaterials ranging from carbon nanostructures to metals and metal oxides, we have developed means of generating self-assembled materials systems for electrochemical energy devices, ranging from fuel cells and batteries to photovoltaics.  Ultimately, our contributions to this collaboration will entail the use of this versatile approach toward organic and inorganic composite thin films generated with high levels of control for electrochemical energy electrode and separator applications.  This work will be facilitated by several strong collaborative relationships with other members of the research team.   

Positions and Honors:

1984-1986 Process Engineer I, II, Motorola, Inc.            
1986-1988 Research Engineer I,  Georgia Tech Research Institute       
1993-1995 Postdoctoral Fellow, Chemistry Dept., Harvard University      
1995-2000 Herman P. Meissner Assistant Professor, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, MIT 
2000-2001 Associate Professor, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, MIT       
2002-present Joseph P. Mares Associate Professor with tenure, Chemical Engineering, MIT 
2003-2006 Mark Hyman Jr. Career Chair Associate Prof., Chemical Engineering, MIT  
2006-2011 Bayer Chair Full Professor, Chemical Engineering, MIT
2008-2011  Executive Officer, Chemical Engineering, MIT
2011-present David H. Koch Professor of Chemical Engineering   

Professional Activities and Memberships:

2007-present  Associate Editor, ACS Nano Editorial Board, Macromolecules 


1997 NSF CAREER Award for Young Investigators  
2006 Fellow, American Physical Society, elected at
2006 APS Council Meeting
2006 Popular Mechanics Breakthrough Award 
2010  Distinguished Scientist Award, Harvard Foundation, Harvard University
2011 Top 100 Materials Scientists of the Decade
2000-2010, Times Higher Education
2011  David H. Koch Professor of Engineering Chair
2012  American Chemical Society Polymer Chemistry Division Fellow

Publications (selected from over 200 peer-reviewed publications):

1. M.N. Hyder, S.W. Lee, F.C. Cebeci, D.J. Schmidt, Y. Shao-Horn, and P.T. Hammond, "Layer-by-Layer Assembled Polyaniline Nanofiber/Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Thin Film Electrodes for High-Power and High-Energy Storage Applications", ACS Nano, 5, 8552-8561 (2011).

2. J.F. Qi, X.N. Dang, P.T. Hammond, and A.M. Belcher, "Highly Efficient Plasmon-Enhanced Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells through Metal@Oxide Core-Shell Nanostructure". ACS Nano 5, 7108-7116, (2011).

3. X. Dang, H.Yi, M-H Ham, J. Qi, D. S. Yun, R. Ladewski, M.S. Strano, P.T. Hammond and A.M. Belcher, “Virus-templated self-assembled single-walled carbon nanotubes for highly efficient electron collection in photovoltaic devices”, Nature Nanotechnology, 6, 377-384  (2011).

4. S.W. Lee, B.M. Gallant, H.R. Byon, P.T. Hammond, and Y. Shao-Horn, “Nanostructured Carbon-Based Electrodes: Bridging the Gap between Thin-Film Lithium-ion Batteries and Electrochemical Capacitors”, Invited Perspective, Energy & Environmental Science, 4, 1972-1985 (2011). 

5. B.-S. Kim, S.W. Lee, H. Yoon, M.S. Strano, Y. Shao-Horn, P.T. Hammond, “Pattern transfer printing of multi-walled carbon nanotube multilayers and application in biosensors”, Chemistry of Materials, 22, 4791–4797 (2010).

6. S.W. Lee, N. Yabuuchi, B.M. Gallant, S. Chen, B.-S. Kim, P.T. Hammond, Y. Shao-Horn “High-power lithium batteries from functionalized carbon-nanotube electrodes”, Nature Nanotechnology 5, 531-537 (2010).

7.  A.A. Argun, J. N.Ashcraft, M.K. Herring, D.K.Y. Lee, H.R. Allcock and P.T. Hammond, and “Ion Conduction and Water Transport in Polyphosphazene-Based Multilayers”, Chemistry of Materials, 22(1), 226-232 (2010).

8. K.C. Krogman, J.L. Lowery, Nicole S. Zacharia, G.C. Rutledge, and P.T. Hammond, “Spraying Asymmetry into Functional Membranes Layer-by-Layer”, Nature Materials, 8, 512-518 (2009). 

9. S.W. Lee, B.S. Kim, S. Chen, Y. Shao-Horn and P.T. Hammond, “Layer-by-Layer Assembly of All Carbon Nanotube Ultrathin Films for Electrochemical Applications”, JACS, 131, 671–679 (2009).

10. A.A. Argun, J. N. Ashcraft, and P. T. Hammond  “Highly Conductive, Methanol Resistant Polyelectrolyte Multilayers", Advanced Materials, 20, 1539-1543 (2008).


Published in People

W. Craig Cartercarter
Professor of Materials Science & Engineering
MacVicar Faculty Fellow
Department of Materials Science & Engineering, MIT


Personal Statement:

My research centers on theory and meso-scale modeling of materials properties and processing. In particular,
I have focused on thermodynamics and kinetics of interfaces, simulations of microstructural evolution, and
predictions of fracture and reliability in materials. Recently, my work has turned towards the science of battery
materials and I have recently co-founded a company, 24M, with Prof. Yet-Ming Chiang which will produce grid
scale energy storage solutions. I have just started a new research program on economic models of battery
usage on the electric grid. I am also very interested in pedagogy----especially on how to combine research and
new knowledge with foundational learning.. I have received NSF funding to develop new teaching methods for
science and engineering. I have received MIT’s highest honors for teaching: The MacVicar fellowship which
recognizes excellence in teaching for the institute and the Bose award or teaching excellence in the School of


National Research Council Post-doc, NIST (1989-1991), Staff Scientist, Rockwell International Science Center
(1991-92), Research Scientist, NIST (1992-98), Assoc. Prof. MIT (1998-2003), Cofounder, 24M technologies
(2010-), Full Professor MIT (2003-)

Honors and Awards:

MacVicar Distinguished Teaching Fellow (2008), Bose Award for excellence in engineering education (2008),
R.M. Fulrath award, Am. Ceram. Soc. (2006), Fellow, Am. Ceram. Soc. (1999), Technology of the Year (1999),
Civil Service Bronze medal (1997), Robert L. Coble award for young scientists (1996), Ross Coffin Purdy
award for best paper (1990)

Education & Training:

University of California, Berkeley, B.S., 1983, Materials Science & Engineering
University of California, Berkeley, M.S., 1987, Materials Science & Engineering
University of California, Berkeley, Ph.D., 1989, Materials Science & Engineering

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

1. (textbook) R.W. Balluffi, S.M. Allen, W. C. Carter, “Kinetics of Materials” Published by J. Wiley, ISBN 13
978-0-471-24689-3, TA404.8.B35, 2005.

2. M. Duduta, B.Y. Ho, V.C. Wood, P. Limthongkul, V.E. Brunini, W.C. Carter, Y.-M. Chiang, “Semi-Solid
Lithium Rechargeable Flow Battery,” Adv. Energy Mater., 1[4] 511-516 (2011)
(DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100152).

3. D Cogswell, W.C. Carter, “Thermodynamic phase-field model for microstructure with multiple
components and phases: The possibility of metastable phases,” Physical Review, 83[6] (2011).

4. W. H. Woodford, Y. M. Chiang, W. C. Carter, "Electrochemical Shock" of Intercalation Electrodes: A
Fracture Mechanics Analysis. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157, A1052 (2010).

5. M. Tang, W. C. Carter, R. M. Cannon, Grain boundary order-disorder transitions. Journal of Materials
Science 41, 7691 (Dec, 2006).

6. R. E. Garcia, W. C. Carter, S. A. Langer, The effect of texture and microstructure on the macroscopic
properties of polycrystalline piezoelectrics: Application to barium titanate and PZN-PT. Journal of the
American Ceramic Society 88, 750 (Mar, 2005).

7. M. Maldovan, C. K. Ullal, W. C. Carter, E. L. Thomas, Exploring for 3D photonic bandgap structures in
the 11 f.c.c. space groups. Nature Materials 2, 664 (Oct, 2003).

8. J. A. Warren, W. C. Carter, R. Kobayashi, A phase field model of the impingement of solidifying
particles. Physica A 261, 159 (Dec, 1998).


Published in People

Yang Shao-Hornshao-horn2
Gail E. Kendall Associate Professor


Education & Training:

Beijing University of Technology B.S. 5/1992 Metallurgical / Mat. Eng.
Michigan Technological University Ph.D. 5/1998 Metallurgical / Mat. Eng.
NSF International Research Fellow at ICMCB-CNRS  2000-2002 Solid-State Chemistry

Personal Statement:

Y.S.H. studies materials and reaction mechanisms for electrochemical and photoelectrochemical energy storage and conversion, which is centered on examining the influence of surface chemistry and electronic structures of thin films and nanomaterials on energy storage and catalytic activity of small molecules of energy consequence, and applying fundamental understanding in reaction mechanisms to design new materials for lithium storage technologies and photo/electrocatalysis of oxygen reduction, water splitting, methanol oxidation and CO2 reduction. 

Positions and Honors:

Gail E. Kendall Chair in Mechanical Engineering 7/2011-present
Associate Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT 7/2008-present
Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, MITn7/2007-present
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT 8/2002-7/2007
Staff Materials Scientist, Eveready Battery Company, Cleveland 6/1998-10/2000 

GRC on Electrochemistry Plenary Lecture 2012;
APS Spring Plenary Lecture 2011;
ORNL CNMS Plenary Lecture 2011,
Energy and Environmental Science Advisory Board 2011;
Charles W. Tobias Young Investigator Award 2008;
Tajima Prize of the International Society of Electrochemistry 2008;
3M Innovation Grant Award 2007; DuPont Young Faculty Award 2006;
MIT Presidential Energy Research Council; Air Products Faculty Excellence Award 2006;
Visiting Professor at the University of Bordeaux I 2004;
2003 Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award; Atlantic Richfield Career Development Assistant Professor at MIT 2002-2005;
NSF International Research Fellow Award 2000-2002. 

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

1. Lopez, N. , D.J. Graham, R. McGuire, Jr., G.E. Alliger, Y. Shao-Horn, C.C. Cummins and D.G. Nocera, Reversible Reduction of Oxygen to Peroxide Facilitated by Molecular Recognition, Science 335 (6067) 450 - 453 January 2012. 

2. Suntivich, J., K. J. May, J. B. Goodenough, H. A. Gasteiger and Y. Shao-Horn, A perovskite oxide optimized for oxygen evolution catalysis from molecular orbital principles, Science 334(6061) 1383-1385 (December 2011).

3. Suntivich,, J., H.A. Gasteiger, N. Yabuuchi, H. Nakanishi, J. B. Goodenough, Y. Shao-Horn, Design principles for oxygen-reduction activity on perovskite oxide catalysts for fuel cells and metal–air batteries, Nature Chemistry, 3 (7), 546–550 (July 2011.

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Yet-Ming Chiangchiang
Kyocera Professor
Department of Materials Science & Engineering


Education & Training:

MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA S.B. 06/80 Materials Sci. and Eng.
MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA ScD. 06/85 Ceramics

Personal Statement:

Yet-Ming Chiang is Kyocera Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).  He holds S.B. and Sc.D. degrees from MIT, where he has been a faculty member since 1984.  His work focuses primarily on advanced materials and their role in clean energy. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society and the Materials Research Society.  He has published over 200 scientific articles, one textbook, and holds about 35 issued patents and a similar number of pending patent applications.  In addition to his academic research, Chiang has co-founded four companies based on research from his MIT laboratory:  American Superconductor Corporation (NASDAQ: AMSC), A123 Systems (NASDAQ: AONE), SpringLeaf Therapeutics, and 24M Technologies.  Of these, three are in the area of energy technology (Am. Super., A123, and 24M) and three grew out of research in batteries (A123, SpringLeaf and 24M).  Chiang also serves on numerous government and private advisory committees and study panels, including the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) and Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC), the Basic Energy Sciences’ Materials Science Division’s Materials Council, Princeton University’s Andlinger Center for Energy and Environment, and the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences (SIMES).

Positions and Honors Positions: 

Professor of Ceramics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT (1985-present); National University of Singapore, Visiting Scientist, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, July 2009-June 2010; DuPont Company, Central Research and Development, Visiting Research Scientist, January 1992 to January 1993; Member, U.S. National Materials and Manufacturing Board; Subcommittee on New Science for a Secure and Sustainable Energy Future, U.S. Department of Energy; Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, U.S. DOE; Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee, U.S. DOE; Materials Council, U.S. DOE; Energy Planet Advisory Committee, Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, IL; Testifying Witness, U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Environment; Judge, Technology Review TR35 Awards, 2007-present; Founding Scientist/Director, A123 Systems; Materials Consultant, Oklahoma City National Memorial; Visiting Research Scientist, DuPont Company (1992-1993); Co-founding Scientist, American Superconductor Corporation; Co-founder/Director, SpringLeaf Therapeutics; Co-founder/Director, 24M Technologies. 

Honors and Awards: 

The Electrochemical Society, Battery Division, Battery Technology Award, 2012;
Scientific American’s World Changing Ideas (one of 10 awardees), “Liquid Fuel for Electric Cars,” Dec. 2011;
The MIT 150:  150 Ideas, Inventions, and Innovators that Shaped Our World, No. 33, May 15, 2011;
Plenary Lecturer for Materials Research Society Spring Meeting 2011, San Francisco, CA, April 27, 2011;
Top 100 Materials Scientists 2000-2010 (No. 66 of 100), Thomson-Reuters, March 2, 2011;
Fellow, The Materials Research Society, April 2010;
The American Ceramic Society, Corporate Technical Achievement Award, for “Nanophosphate Lithium Ion Battery,” 2009;
Forbes Magazine, Most Powerful Innovators (one of seven inventors selected), November 2009;
Member, U.S. National Academy of Engineering, 2009; MIT School of Engineering, recognized as one of  “The Real Engineers Among Us,” September 2006;
Popular Mechanics Breakthrough Award, 2006 (with A.M. Belcher, P. Hammond);
R&D 100 Editor’s Choice Award for Greatest Improvement of an Existing Technology, October 2006;
R&D 100 Award for “ANR26650M1 Nanophosphate Battery,” October 2006;
Ross Coffin Purdy Award, (with H.D. Ackler, for best paper in the Journal of the American Ceramic Society in 1999), The American Ceramic Society, April 2001;
R.M. Fulrath Award, The American Ceramic Society, April 2000;
F.H. Norton Award (Outstanding New England Ceramist), The American Ceramic Society, Dec. 1999;
Fellow, The American Ceramic Society, May 1998.

Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:

1. M. Duduta, B.Y. Ho, V.C. Wood, P. Limthongkul, V.E. Brunini, W.C. Carter, Y.-M. Chiang, “Semi-Solid Lithium Rechargeable Flow Battery,” Adv. Energy Mater., 1[4] 511-516 (2011) (DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100152).

2. Y.-M. Chiang, “Building a Better Battery,” Science, 330, 1485 (2010).  (DOI:10.1126/science.1198591)

3. M. Tang, W. C. Carter, Y.-M. Chiang, “Electrochemically-Driven Phase Transitions in Insertion Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries:  Examples in Lithium Metal Phosphate Olivines,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res., Vol. 40: 501–529 (2010) (doi: 10.1146/annurev-matsci-070909-104435).

4. M. Tang, H.-Y. Huang, N. Meethong, Y.-H. Kao, W.C. Carter and Y.-M. Chiang, “Model for the Particle Size, Overpotential, and Strain Dependence of Phase Transition Pathways in Storage Electrodes:  Application to Nanoscale Olivines “, Chem. Mater., Articles ASAP, published online 19 March 2009, DOI: 10.1021/cm803172s.

5. K. T. Nam, R. Wartena, P. J. Yoo, F. Liau, Y. J. Lee, P. T. Hammond, Y.-M. Chiang and A. M. Belcher, “Stamped Microbattery Electrodes Based on Self-Assembled M13 Viruses,” Proc. National Acad. Sciences, 105, 17227-17231 (2008); doi:10.1073/pnas.0711620105.

6. Y.K. Cho, R. Wartena, S.M. Tobias, Y.-M. Chiang, “Towards Self-Assembling Colloidal-Scale Devices:  Selecting and Using Short-range Surface Forces between Conductive Solids,” Adv. Funct. Mater., 17, 379-389, (2007) (cover feature article).

7. K. T. Nam, D.W. Kim, P.J. Yoo, C.-Y. Chiang, N. Meethong, P.T. Hammond, Y.-M. Chiang, A.M. Belcher, “Virus enabled synthesis and assembly of nanowires for lithium ion battery electrodes,” Science, 312[5775], 885 – 888 (2006).

8. S.-Y. Chung, J. T. Bloking, and Y.-M.  Chiang, “Electronically Conductive Phospho-olivines As Lithium Storage Electrodes,” Nature Materials, 1, 123-128 (2002). (No. 6 most cited research paper in NM)

9. G. Ceder, Y.-M. Chiang, D.R. Sadoway, M.K. Aydinol, Y.I. Jang, and B. Huang, “Combined First-Principles/Experimental Investigation of High-Voltage Cathode Oxides for Lightweight Rechargeable Lithium Batteries,” Nature, 392, 694-696 (1998).


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