Department of Materials Science & Engineering
Education & Training:
MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA S.B. 06/80 Materials Sci. and Eng.
MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA ScD. 06/85 Ceramics
Yet-Ming Chiang is Kyocera Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He holds S.B. and Sc.D. degrees from MIT, where he has been a faculty member since 1984. His work focuses primarily on advanced materials and their role in clean energy. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society and the Materials Research Society. He has published over 200 scientific articles, one textbook, and holds about 35 issued patents and a similar number of pending patent applications. In addition to his academic research, Chiang has co-founded four companies based on research from his MIT laboratory: American Superconductor Corporation (NASDAQ: AMSC), A123 Systems (NASDAQ: AONE), SpringLeaf Therapeutics, and 24M Technologies. Of these, three are in the area of energy technology (Am. Super., A123, and 24M) and three grew out of research in batteries (A123, SpringLeaf and 24M). Chiang also serves on numerous government and private advisory committees and study panels, including the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) and Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC), the Basic Energy Sciences’ Materials Science Division’s Materials Council, Princeton University’s Andlinger Center for Energy and Environment, and the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences (SIMES).
Positions and Honors Positions:
Professor of Ceramics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT (1985-present); National University of Singapore, Visiting Scientist, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, July 2009-June 2010; DuPont Company, Central Research and Development, Visiting Research Scientist, January 1992 to January 1993; Member, U.S. National Materials and Manufacturing Board; Subcommittee on New Science for a Secure and Sustainable Energy Future, U.S. Department of Energy; Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, U.S. DOE; Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee, U.S. DOE; Materials Council, U.S. DOE; Energy Planet Advisory Committee, Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, IL; Testifying Witness, U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Environment; Judge, Technology Review TR35 Awards, 2007-present; Founding Scientist/Director, A123 Systems; Materials Consultant, Oklahoma City National Memorial; Visiting Research Scientist, DuPont Company (1992-1993); Co-founding Scientist, American Superconductor Corporation; Co-founder/Director, SpringLeaf Therapeutics; Co-founder/Director, 24M Technologies.
Honors and Awards:
The Electrochemical Society, Battery Division, Battery Technology Award, 2012;
Scientific American’s World Changing Ideas (one of 10 awardees), “Liquid Fuel for Electric Cars,” Dec. 2011;
The MIT 150: 150 Ideas, Inventions, and Innovators that Shaped Our World, No. 33, May 15, 2011;
Plenary Lecturer for Materials Research Society Spring Meeting 2011, San Francisco, CA, April 27, 2011;
Top 100 Materials Scientists 2000-2010 (No. 66 of 100), Thomson-Reuters, March 2, 2011;
Fellow, The Materials Research Society, April 2010;
The American Ceramic Society, Corporate Technical Achievement Award, for “Nanophosphate Lithium Ion Battery,” 2009;
Forbes Magazine, Most Powerful Innovators (one of seven inventors selected), November 2009;
Member, U.S. National Academy of Engineering, 2009; MIT School of Engineering, recognized as one of “The Real Engineers Among Us,” September 2006;
Popular Mechanics Breakthrough Award, 2006 (with A.M. Belcher, P. Hammond);
R&D 100 Editor’s Choice Award for Greatest Improvement of an Existing Technology, October 2006;
R&D 100 Award for “ANR26650M1 Nanophosphate Battery,” October 2006;
Ross Coffin Purdy Award, (with H.D. Ackler, for best paper in the Journal of the American Ceramic Society in 1999), The American Ceramic Society, April 2001;
R.M. Fulrath Award, The American Ceramic Society, April 2000;
F.H. Norton Award (Outstanding New England Ceramist), The American Ceramic Society, Dec. 1999;
Fellow, The American Ceramic Society, May 1998.
Selected Peer-reviewed Publications:
1. M. Duduta, B.Y. Ho, V.C. Wood, P. Limthongkul, V.E. Brunini, W.C. Carter, Y.-M. Chiang, “Semi-Solid Lithium Rechargeable Flow Battery,” Adv. Energy Mater., 1 511-516 (2011) (DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100152).
2. Y.-M. Chiang, “Building a Better Battery,” Science, 330, 1485 (2010). (DOI:10.1126/science.1198591)
3. M. Tang, W. C. Carter, Y.-M. Chiang, “Electrochemically-Driven Phase Transitions in Insertion Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Examples in Lithium Metal Phosphate Olivines,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res., Vol. 40: 501–529 (2010) (doi: 10.1146/annurev-matsci-070909-104435).
4. M. Tang, H.-Y. Huang, N. Meethong, Y.-H. Kao, W.C. Carter and Y.-M. Chiang, “Model for the Particle Size, Overpotential, and Strain Dependence of Phase Transition Pathways in Storage Electrodes: Application to Nanoscale Olivines “, Chem. Mater., Articles ASAP, published online 19 March 2009, DOI: 10.1021/cm803172s.
5. K. T. Nam, R. Wartena, P. J. Yoo, F. Liau, Y. J. Lee, P. T. Hammond, Y.-M. Chiang and A. M. Belcher, “Stamped Microbattery Electrodes Based on Self-Assembled M13 Viruses,” Proc. National Acad. Sciences, 105, 17227-17231 (2008); doi:10.1073/pnas.0711620105.
6. Y.K. Cho, R. Wartena, S.M. Tobias, Y.-M. Chiang, “Towards Self-Assembling Colloidal-Scale Devices: Selecting and Using Short-range Surface Forces between Conductive Solids,” Adv. Funct. Mater., 17, 379-389, (2007) (cover feature article).
7. K. T. Nam, D.W. Kim, P.J. Yoo, C.-Y. Chiang, N. Meethong, P.T. Hammond, Y.-M. Chiang, A.M. Belcher, “Virus enabled synthesis and assembly of nanowires for lithium ion battery electrodes,” Science, 312, 885 – 888 (2006).
8. S.-Y. Chung, J. T. Bloking, and Y.-M. Chiang, “Electronically Conductive Phospho-olivines As Lithium Storage Electrodes,” Nature Materials, 1, 123-128 (2002). (No. 6 most cited research paper in NM)
9. G. Ceder, Y.-M. Chiang, D.R. Sadoway, M.K. Aydinol, Y.I. Jang, and B. Huang, “Combined First-Principles/Experimental Investigation of High-Voltage Cathode Oxides for Lightweight Rechargeable Lithium Batteries,” Nature, 392, 694-696 (1998).